(a) Every health care provider, physician, pharmacist, laboratory director, coroner, medical examiner, and veterinarian having knowledge of any individual or animal affected by or suspected of being affected by a disease or condition declared reportable by the director shall report the incident or suspected incident of such diseases or condition to the department in writing or in the manner and within the time period specified by the director.
(b) The director is authorized to require other persons to report to the Department reportable diseases or conditions dangerous to the public health. Any other person required to report diseases or conditions declared reportable must be given prior written notice of all diseases and conditions required to be reported.
(c) Written reporting time requirements and methods shall be provided to every person required to report.
(d) Any person not required to report who knows or suspects a case of reportable disease or condition may provide available information concerning the case to the department, especially where the case has not been previously reported as required.
(e) The department shall:
(1) Prescribe the time and manner for all person(s) responsible for reporting for each disease or other condition of public health importance.
(2) Classify each reportable disease and condition according to its nature and the severity of its effect on the public’s health.
(3) Regularly maintain and revise the list of reportable diseases and conditions.
(4) Establish registries for reportable diseases and conditions.
(5) Fully disseminate reporting requirements to all persons required to report diseases or conditions.
(f) The director may enter into agreements or other arrangements with ASG agencies for receipt and sharing of information regarding reportable diseases or other conditions of public health importance.
(g) Any person who is required to report a disease or other condition of public health importance shall use ordinary skill in determining the presence of the reportable disease or condition. If the determination of the disease or condition is disputable and the disease or condition may have potential public health significance, the department shall request tests through a laboratory to help resolve uncertainty.
(h) Each person required to report shall transmit to the department any information requested by the department concerning the reporting of diseases or conditions. The department may require expedited reporting for designated diseases or conditions.
(i) In addition to the duty to report a required disease or condition, a pharmacist shall report any unusual variations in prescription rates, types of prescriptions, or pharmacy visits that may be potential causes or indicators of a condition of public health importance. Prescription-related events that require a report include, but are not limited to:
(1) An unusual increase in the number of prescriptions of antibiotics or other pharmaceuticals or sales of over-the-counter pharmaceuticals to treat conditions identified by the department; and
(2) Any prescription that treats a disease that is relatively uncommon.
(j) A veterinarian, livestock owner, veterinary diagnostic laboratory director, or other person having the care of animals shall report animals having or suspected of having any diseases or conditions that may be potential causes or indicators of a condition of public health importance.
(k) Sharing of information by the department on any reportable conditions shall be restricted to the information necessary for the treatment, control, investigation, and prevention of the disease or condition of public health importance.History: 2007, PL 30-11.