Defamation is effected by:
(1) libel which is a false and unprivileged publication by writing, printing, picture, effigy, or other fixed representation to the eye which exposes any person to hatred, contempt, ridicule, or obloquy or which causes him to be shunned or avoided or which has a tendency to injure him in his occupation.
(2) slander which is a false and unprivileged publication other than libel which:
(A) charges any person with crime or with having been indicted, convicted, or punished for crime;
(B) imputes in him the present existency of an infectious, contagious, or loathsome disease;
(C) tends directly to injure him in respect to his office, profession, trade, or business, either by imputing to him general disqualification in those respects which the office or other occupation peculiarly requires or by imputing something with reference to his office, profession, trade, or business that has a natural tendency to lessen its profit;
(D) imputes to him impotence or want of chastity; or
(E) by natural consequence causes actual damage.History: 1980, PL 16-64 § 1.