(a) Except under 46.3204, a person is not guilty of an offense unless he acts with a culpable mental state, that is, unless he acts purposely or knowingly or recklessly or with criminal negligence, as the statute defining the offense may require with respect to the conduct, the result of it, or the attendant circumstances which constitute the material elements of the crime.
(b) A person "acts purposely", or with purpose, with respect to his conduct or to a result thereof when it is his conscious object to engage in that conduct or to cause that result.
(c) A person "acts knowingly", or with knowledge:
(1) with respect to his conduct or to attendant circumstances when he is aware of the nature of his conduct or that those circumstances exist; or
(2) with respect to a result of his conduct when he is aware that his conduct is practically certain to cause that result.
(d) A person "acts recklessly" or is reckless when he consciously disregards a substantial and unjustifiable risk that circumstances exist or that a result will follow, and that disregard constitutes a gross deviation from the standard of care which a reasonable person would exercise in the situation.
(e) A person "acts with criminal negligence" or is criminally negligent when he fails to be aware of a substantial and unjustifiable risk that circumstances exist or a result will follow, and that failure constitutes a gross deviation from the standard of care which a reasonable person would exercise in the situation.History: 1979, PL 16-43 § 2.
Absent clear legislative dimension of causation, proof as to causation required for conviction is proof beyond a reasonable doubt that proximately because of the neglect of duty or act of the defendant, the injury to the victim occurred. Intoxicated defendant acquitted where deceased darted from behind bus. Government v. Pulu, ASR (1976).
Research Guide: MCC562.016, 15 ASC 341, 15 ASC 4801.