DAVID MEREDITH, Objector
AUMAVAE T. as land owner, and TOGIVA
STRIPLIN, as building owner
[Land: "Pua Pua "]
High Court of American Samoa
Civil Jurisdiction, Trial Division
May 20, 1965
Action by objector to application of defendant to record separation-of-structure agreement pursuant to provisions of CAS 12.0201 on grounds that defendant was not owner of land, and land was not communal but individually owned. Trial Division of the High Court, Chief Justice Morrow ordered Registrar of Titles not to record agreement, holding that land was individually owned and that defendant was not sole owner and consequently did not have authority to sign that agreement.
Separation-of-structure agreement ordered not recorded.
1. Real Property-Quieting Title-Family Tradition and Reputation as Evidence of Ownership-Separation-of-Structure Agreement
Where court has determined that disputed land is individually owned and subsequent transfers of land are recorded in Register, court will find individually owned land even though land is referred to in separation-of structure agreement as communal land.
2. Personal Property-Separation-of-Structure Agreement-Court Will Not Enforce Separation-of-Structure Agreement
Where separation-of-structure agreement recorded pursuant to provision of code contains statement that land is communal and court finds it individually owned, court will not order agreement executed. (CAS 12.0204.)
3. Personal Property-Separation-of-Structure Agreement-Court Will Not Enforce Separation-of-Structure Agreement
Where party to separation-of-structure agreement recorded pursuant to provisions of code is one of number of owners and not sole owner, court will not enforce agreement. (CAS 12.0207.)
OPINION AND DECREE
Heard before MORROW, Chief Justice and TAUALA, Associate Judge on May 20, 1965, at Fagatogo. [4ASR681]
David Meredith pro se.
Aumavae and Togiva Striplin pro se.
OPINION OF THE COURT
MORROW, Chief Justice.
 On April 14, 1965 Aumavae T. as land owner and Togiva Striplin as building owner entered into a separation-of-structure agreement pursuant to Chapter 12.02, Section 12.0201 of the American Samoa Code, 1961 Ed. The parties to the agreement described the land on which the building was to be erected as the communal family land of Aumavae T. "generally known as Pua Pua (Toefisia)."
In the case of Aumavae, Magalei and Satele v. Tolouma of Iliili, No. 4-1927 (H.C. of Am. S.), heard at Fagatogo on July 30 and 31 and August 8, 1930 it was "Ordered, Adjudged and Decreed that the title to the land. . . Toefisia" was in Toloumu of Iliili. Toefisia was thus the individually owned land of Toloumu. He died in 1931. It appears that he left surviving him 3 children by his first wife, viz. Aumavae T., Malama, and Fetuia'i and three children by his second wife, viz. Saimaalili, Paileulu and Esi. His second wife Fale also survived Toloumu. The children by Fale were minors. Fepuleai was appointed guardian for them and he was authorized, as guardian, to execute for them a deed to Toefisia to Saiselu Meredith "if in his judgment as guardian" it was in their interest to dispose of Toefisia. Fepuleai, as guardian of the three minors, and Fale, their mother, deeded Toefisia to Saiselu Meredith by deed dated September 1, 1932 and recorded in Vol. II, Register of Transfers at pp. 180-190. Toefisia is registered in Vol. I, Native Titles at pp. 200-202.
Saiselu Meredith passed away some years ago leaving a number of children surviving her of whom objector David Meredith is one. [4ASR682]
From the foregoing it is apparent that the land Toefisia is the individually owned land of the children of Saiselu and the children of Toloumu by his first wife. There was no evidence that either Toloumu or Saiselu left wills.
[2, 3] We cannot order the separation-of-structure agreement executed by Aumavae T. and Togiva Striplin recorded pursuant to Section 12.0204 of the American Samoa Code, 1961 Ed. for two reasons. The first is that the land Toefisia is not communal land as it is described in the separation agreement. The second is that Aumavae T. is not the owner, but only one of a number of owners of Toefisia. Section 12.0202 of the American Samoa Code, 1961 Ed. provides that "if the person seeking to separate a structure from individually owned lands or freehold lands is the owner of the lands upon which the structure is or is to be erected, the agreement shall be executed by such owner."
As we have said Aumavae T. is not the owner of Toefisia. He is only one of a number of owners of the land. The owners, who are tenants in common of the property, have not signed the agreement, only one of them has, viz. Aumavae T.
Accordingly it is ORDERED that the Registrar of Titles shall not record the separation-of-structure agreement executed by Aumavae T. and Togiva Striplin on April 14, 1965. Pursuant to Section 12.0204 of the American Samoa Code, 1961 Ed., such agreement is null and void.
Costs in the amount of $8.00 are hereby assessed against Aumavae T., the same to be paid within 20 days.